Thyroglossal Duct Cyst in Children: Treatment and Symptoms

Thyroglossal Duct Cyst in Children

Following a thorough examination of your child’s neck and throat, the doctor may order imaging tests to acquire a clear picture of the cyst. The doctor will be able to identify the thyroglossal duct cyst based on these pictures. A cyst in the thyroglossal duct seldom disappears on its own. Having the cyst drained and removed surgically may be necessary for certain circumstances. You may find out how much healthy thyroid tissue your kid has to assist them to recover from surgery with the use of imaging tests.

If your child’s doctor is concerned about the thyroid gland’s ability to produce hormones, he or she may order a blood test. There’s a chance they’ll use a tiny needle to extract fluid, too. The doctor will use a small needle to extract cells from the cyst, then examine them under a microscope to determine the cause of the cyst. Before performing a tiny needle aspiration on your kid, the doctor will apply a numbing cream to the skin.

When a cyst forms in a child’s thyroglossal duct, what signs may we look out for?

Some children may experience symptoms in a way that is distinct from others. These are among the most frequent:

  • In the middle of the front of one’s neck, a little, rounded, soft bump
  • Symptoms of an infected lump include pain, redness, and swelling.
  • Difficulty with breathing or eating
  • A thyroglossal duct cyst may cause symptoms that are similar to, but not the same as, those of other diseases. Your kid needs to visit a doctor to get a proper diagnosis.

In what ways is a kid with a cyst of the thyroglossal duct cared for?

Cysts in the thyroglossal duct do not go away on their own. If your child’s cyst does not cause any more problems, such as recurring infection or significant swelling, then there is no need to remove it. Some individuals want to have the cyst surgically removed due to its cosmetic impact. Furthermore, they can be anxious about potential issues in the future.

Some methods used to treat cysts in the thyroglossal duct are:

  • Medication used to combat infections with antibiotics
  • Infected cysts may be drained to treat the underlying infection.
  • Excision (surgically eliminating the cyst) (surgically removing the cyst)
  • Condensed process (surgically remove the cyst and all root tissue)

The hyoid bone in the neck may be operated on to eliminate the cyst’s origin using the Sistrunk operation. Tongue stability is ensured by the hyoid bone. The recurrence of the cyst may be reduced by having surgery to remove any residual cells or tissue from the thyroglossal duct. After the Sistrunk surgery, around 10% of thyroglossal duct cysts will return.


If you are in search of good treatment for Thyroglossal duct cysts, get in touch with Dr.Vishesh Dikshit in Pune.

About Dr.Vishesh Dikshit

Dr. Vishesh Dikshit graduated from Govt. Medical College, Calicut, Kerala, in 2004 with an MBBS degree in medicine. In 2012, he received an MS in General Surgery from Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College in Sion, Mumbai, and in 2015, he received an MCh in Pediatric Surgery from Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College in Sion, Mumbai.