Congenital anomalies in children

Congenital anomalies in children | Dr. Vishesh Dikshit

Congenital anomalies in children, also known as birth defects, are a significant concern in pediatrics. As a pediatric surgeon in Pune, Dr. Vishesh Dikshit understands the impact that congenital anomalies can have on a child’s health and well-being. In this blog, we will discuss the types of congenital anomalies, their causes, and the role of pediatric surgery in their treatment.

Types of Congenital Anomalies in Children

Congenital anomalies can affect any part of the body, and the severity can range from mild to life-threatening. Some common types of congenital anomalies include:

  • Heart defects
  • Neural tube defects
  • Cleft lip and palate
  • Limb abnormalities
  • Gastrointestinal abnormalities
  • Lung abnormalities
  • Renal and Urinary system abnormalities

Causes of Congenital Anomalies

The causes of congenital anomalies can vary, and in some cases, the exact cause is unknown. However, some factors that can contribute to the development of congenital anomalies include:

  • Genetic mutations or abnormalities
  •  Exposure to environmental toxins or substances during pregnancy
  •  Infections during pregnancy
  •  Maternal health conditions, such as diabetes

Role of Pediatric Surgery in Congenital Anomalies

Pediatric surgery plays a vital role in the treatment of congenital anomalies. Depending on the type and severity of the anomaly, surgery may be required to correct the defect. Some common pediatric surgeries include:

  • Congenital heart defect surgery
  • Cleft lip and palate repair
  •  Limb lengthening and reconstruction
  •  Gastrointestinal surgery for abnormalities such as bowel obstruction or malrotation
  •  Surgeries on the lung/esophagus
  •  Surgeries of the kidney, urinary bladder, or urethra

In addition to surgery, pediatric surgeons also play a crucial role in the diagnosis and management of congenital anomalies. They work closely with other healthcare professionals, such as pediatricians, geneticists, and neonatologists, to provide comprehensive care for children with congenital anomalies.


Congenital anomalies can be a challenging issue for children and their families. However, with early diagnosis, proper management, and the expertise of a pediatric surgeon in Pune, the outcomes for children with congenital anomalies can be improved. If you suspect that your child may have a congenital anomaly, it’s important to seek medical attention promptly. Contact Dr. Vishesh Dikshit the Best pediatric surgeon in Pune to discuss the best course of action for your child.

About Dr.Vishesh Dikshit

Dr. Vishesh Dikshit graduated from Govt. Medical College, Calicut, Kerala, in 2004 with an MBBS degree in medicine. In 2012, he received an MS in General Surgery from Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College in Sion, Mumbai, and in 2015, he received an MCh in Pediatric Surgery from Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College in Sion, Mumbai.